Nursing home residents with limited mobility are at greater risk of getting bed sores. Their difficulty of movement will make it difficult for them to shift in their beds to prevent bed sores. Chicago nursing home lawyers will tell you that while they are avoidable, bed sores can also be extremely dangerous. In nursing homes, bed sore is an indication of neglect on the part of the staff.
There are many possible causes of bed sores in nursing home patients. The main cause of bed sores is patient immobility, which is quite common among elderly patients in nursing homes. Bed sores develop as a result or prolonged pressure on a certain part of the body. The possible causes of bed sores include the following:
Nonstop Pressure. If the senior citizen stays in the same position for a long time, whether in bed or wheelchair, the friction between the skin and the surface may cause the flow of blood to stop. As a result, the affected area may receive less oxygen causing dead cells in that area.
Shear Incidents. When one surface is moving but the other is not, a shear develops. This commonly happens among patients who are consistently lying down in bed. Sinking may occur in a hospital bed when the top portion of the body is raised while the rest is down. This results to the stretching of the skin resulting to injury to the tissue.
Friction Damage. Bedsores is also the result of friction between the aging skin and another surface. When the senior citizen needs to be moved from the bed to a chair, friction happens resulting to damage in the skin and causing pressure sores.
Bedsores indicates prolonged period of sedentary activity on the part of the elderly without shifting of pressure upon irritated body tissues. They can be prevented if the nursing home staff will practice proper repositioning techniques. The staff should also be trained and instructed to move the elderly around, ensure that their beddings and clothes are dry.